The European Space Agency’s space laboratory has captured the Sun in stunning detail.
The Sun has been an object of scientific interest for hundreds of years with the first observations of the Sun dating back to 2300 BC. C. by Chinese astronomers. However, with the advancement of technology, it has become relatively easy to collect and study data on this bright star at the center of our solar system. The European Space Agency had sent a complex space laboratory called Solar Orbiter with a mission to capture close-up images of the Sun and collect important data that could help unravel the mysteries of this highly luminous object.
The Solar Orbiter has captured stunning, extremely detailed images of the Sun. The space lab made its last close approach to the Sun on October 12 at 19:12 UTC. ESA released an 8-second video showing footage of the close approach from September 20 through October 10. The ESA explained in a publication: “This sequence of images shows the progress of the ESA/NASA spacecraft as it heads inland. on his voyage of discovery.
According to ESA, the images were taken by the Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (EUI) using the Full Sun Imager (FSI) telescope on board Solar Orbiter. The Sun was captured at a wavelength of 17 nanometers that was emitted by a gas present in the Sun’s atmosphere at a temperature of almost a million degrees. The ESA further explained that the color of the images had to be artificially added “because the original wavelength detected by the instrument is invisible to the human eye.”
The Solar Orbiter Mission
ESA’s Solar Orbiter Mission is an exploratory mission to study the Sun and the innermost regions of our solar system, known as the heliosphere. With this mission, ESA hopes to understand and even predict the behavior of the bright star on which our life depends.
Solar Orbiter is the most complex scientific laboratory ever sent to study the Sun. It is capable of capturing phenomena such as solar poles and solar storms that are almost impossible to see from Earth.