Voting Membership is for artists, songwriters, producers, engineers, instrumentalists, and other creators currently working in the recording industry.
To qualify to become a member of the voting academy, such person must have creative or technical credits on at least six commercially released tracks on a physical music release or 12 on a digital album. A person who does not meet these requirements may still apply to become a voting member with the endorsements of at least two current Recording Academy voting members.
According to Billboard, about 12,000 of the Academy’s total 21,000 members are eligible to vote.
The Role of a Voting Member: Voters go through two voting processes to determine the winner. The first stage is the nomination process where voters receive ballots and vote on areas of their expertise, including the four main categories (Record of the Year, Song of the Year, Album of the Year, Best New Artist).
After the nomination process comes the final ballot where voters receive the final list and vote on areas of their expertise, including the four main categories.